Abstract – Women and men work in occupations, industries, firms, and jobs that are predominantly occupied by workers of the same gender. We investigate if and to what extent the male-female wage gap can be accounted for by the degree of female segregation along these dimensions. Different from the previous literature, we use longitudinal data from a large employer-employee data set from Brazil (Relação Anual de Informações Sociais – RAIS) and employ various fixed effects models to control for unobserved heterogeneity across workers, establishments, and worker-establishment job matches. In sharp contrast to past studies, our results show that the wage effects of female segregation are rather small after controlling for these forms of unobserved heterogeneity.
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janeiro 13, 2011