ABSTRACT – The macroeconomic effects of shocks in models of nominal rigidity depend crucially on the degree of strategic complementarity among price setters. However, the empirical evidence on its magnitude is indirect and ambiguous: the one based on macroeconomic data suggest strong strategic complementarities in price-setting, which seems to be contradicted by some recent studies based on micro data. In this paper we estimate directly the degree of strategic complementarity based on individual price data underlying the CPI-FGV from Brazil for the 1996-2006 period, benefiting from large amount of macroeconomic variation in Brazilian sample during this period. Our identification strategy is to infer the degree of strategic complementarity from the relation between the frictionless optimal price and macroeconomic variables that results from a microfounded model. We assume that firms follow an asymmetric Ss pricing rule, which allows us to relate the price discrepancy (and the conditional probability of adjusment) to the change in the frictionless optimal price since the last adjustment date. As a consequence, assumptions for non-observable shocks lead to a relation between the probability of adjustments to conditional mean changes in the frictionless optimal price since the last adjustment. This relation allows us to directly estimate the degree of strategic complementarity from the occurrence of price adjustments. By explicitly assuming the Ss pricing rule, our methodology is able to disentangle the effect of strategic complementarity from the selection effect. The results, which are based on individual price changes and not on macro effects, indicate a substantial degree of strategic complementarity, contributing to reconcile micro and macro based evidence.
About The Author
agosto 21, 2017
novembro 4, 2016
WP069 – Time-dependent or state-dependent pricing? Evidence from firms’ response to inflation shocks
janeiro 16, 2011